Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989:The Convention on the rights of the child, in the articles 19, 29 and 31, defines the legislative and administrative measures to be adopted for the protection of the psycho-physical health of minors.
EU White Paper on Sport, 2007: In paragraph 4.5, the European Commission recognizes various dimensions of abuse, such as the abandonment of a minor not selected for a competition in a foreign country, and the promotion of the collaboration of Member States in fighting the maltreatment of minors in sport.
Protecting children from violence in sport, 2010: A fundamental UNICEF document describing the phenomenon of abuse in sports, targeting industrialized Countries. It also suggests best practices necessary for the prevention of violence against children in sport
This “Consensus Statement” sets out the different types of abuse in sport, such as physical and sexual violence, psychological abuse and neglect. Structural and cultural remedies are presented, as well as practical recommendations for athletes and anyone who works in contact with them.
Scientific research: Evidence on mistreatment and abuse in sport
This section reports the results of international scientific research carried out on populations of athletes who have been victims of mistreatment and abuse during their sports career, with particular attention to the negative consequences on their well-being.
In these two narrative reviews of international literature, freely available, the authors describe the extent and prevalence of abuse on young athletes, presenting the consequences on the psychophysical well-being of maltreatment with perspectives of prevention and awareness.
These empirical researches, available for consultation at the links, describe the short and long-term effects of psychological violence and emotional abuse on young, illustrating the consequences both in terms of performance and in terms of psycho-relational functioning.
These researches, of which only the abstract is available, focusing on the physical and sexual violence against minors in sports. The most frequent types of abuse, their prevalence and the effects on the mental health of young athletes are described.